3 Types of Seasonings! Know Them and Cook Easier

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Why Do We Use Seasoning?

Why do we use seasoning? It’s easy question. We use seasoning to make food delicious. As I mentioned previous post deliciousness has many aspects.
What is DELICIOUS?
All we LOVE DELICIOUS food. So, what is delicious? Let's think about it and improve your delicious life with cooking science!

Seasoning mainly affects to taste and flavor. Let’s think about seasoning with these 2 points.

Classify Seasoning

At the risk of repeating myself, seasoning affects 2 aspects of deliciousness.
・To add taste
・To add flavor

Taste is consisted by salty, sweet, sour, bitter and umami.
What is DELICIOUS?
All we LOVE DELICIOUS food. So, what is delicious? Let's think about it and improve your delicious life with cooking science!

Of course, flavor affects taste a lot. Though let’s think about it separately for now. Then, we can classify seasoning as 3 groups.

・seasoning for only taste
・seasoning for both taste and flavor
・seasoning for only flavor

Let’s check each more.

Seasoning for Only Taste

salty : salt
sweet : white sugar
sour : citric acid
bitter : none
umami : ajinomoto

We can say that they are seasoning without flavor.

White sugar undergoes a caramelization or Maillard reaction when heated. So, depending on how it is used, it may impart bitterness or aroma, but basically it is a seasoning that only adds flavor.

Umami reminds some people of dashi. Even though, it’s easy to remember the flavor of dashi, so dashi is the seasoning for both taste and flavor. Ajinomoto is the seasoning to give only umami taste.

Seasoning for Both Taste and Flavor

salty : soy sauce, miso, herb salt etc.
sweet : brown sugar, honey, mirin, fruit vinegar etc.
sour : vinegar, fruit cinegar etc.
bitter : none(olive oil)
umami : dashi soup, dashi powder, soy sauce, miso etc.

Vinegar is the seasoning to add sour taste. Acetic acid, which gives sour taste, is easy to vapor, so we feel taste and flavor together.
Some seasonings add some tastes like soy sauce, miso and fruit vinegar.

Some foods like coffee and chocolate give bitter taste. When think about seasoning, olive oil is. But how often do you feel olive oil’s bitter taste? When we dip bread, and? We don’t use it so much for bitter taste.

Seasonings for Only Flavor

pepper, heebs, garlic, shiso etc.

They are specially called spice and herbs.
When you eat only shiso leaf, you can feel flavor and plant taste. But the taste is so weak that it doesn’t affect to the taste of food.

Fat is Taste? How about Spicy?

Strictly speaking, taste is consisted by 5 aspects, salty, sweet, sour, bitter and umami. But it helps you to think about wide meaning of taste.

Spicy Taste

Spicy is not taste. It’s stimulation. But we use it as taste in daily life. I love spicy food very much.
spicy
Articles of "spicy".

Oil and Fat will become Taste

The senser for oil and fat are already found in out tongue. So it’s said that fat and oil becomes 6th taste.
Indeed, I found it a little strange that people find potato chips and butter, which only have a salty taste, to be tasty, since it goes against the theory that multiple tastes make a product tasty.
What is DELICIOUS?
All we LOVE DELICIOUS food. So, what is delicious? Let's think about it and improve your delicious life with cooking science!

But if oil is included as a flavor, it makes sense.

Why We Need to Classify?

We have been thinking about the classification of seasonings. Why do we need to know this in the first place? The reason is that it is necessary when seasoning food.

Everyone has their own criteria for what they consider delicious, and there is no one flavor that everyone finds delicious.In other words, no matter what the recipe is, some people will find it delicious and others will not.

If you have followed a recipe and it doesn’t taste good, it is much easier to recover if you understand the classification of seasonings.

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