I can say that Finland is a country of potatoes. When you go to the supermarket, you’ll find all kinds of potatoes on sale. From bagged potatoes to those sold by weight, there are so many choices when it comes to potatoes.
In this page, I summarized the characteristics of the main types found in supermarkets. At the end of the page, you will also find a table of varieties and types.
How to Choose Potatoes in Finland
There are three main types of potatoes in Finland. Most bagged potatoes are sold in red, yellow or green bags. These colors are associated with each type.
On each bag, there may be a picture of what kind of dish it is suitable for. In this page, I would like to go into more detail about the characteristics of each type of potatoes, the dishes they are suitable for, and the varieties.
Green Bag = KIINTEÄMALTOISET PERUNAT
The literal translation is “firm potatoes”. It is characterized by its low starch content, which allows it to keep its shape even after long cooking. There are quite a few varieties, and the top three cropped areas are these KINTEÄMALTOISET PERUNAT.
It is suitable for LAATIKKO, a familiar Finnish dish. Also, cut into cubes, boiled and added to salads, and other dishes where the shape of the potato is retained. It is probably the closest variety to the Japanese May Queen potato.
Annabelle, Belana, Bernina, Bintje, Carrera, Colomba, Fambo, Lady Felica, Marabel, Matilda, Melody, Mozart, Musica, Nicola, Rikea, Siikli, Solist, Timo (Hankkijan Timo), Velox, Venla
Yellow Bag = YLEISPERUNAT
The literal translation is “universal potatoes”. The amount of starch is about halfway between the red and green bags. It is a potato that does not fall apart when boiled and can be used in a variety of dishes.
I think the yellow bag is the one you see most often in supermarkets. We buy these YLEISPERUNAT in bags and keep them in the fridge. It is very useful because it makes any dish taste good.
Bellarosa, Challenger, Colomba, Fambo, Fontane, Gala, Idole, Lady Amarilla, Lady Anna, Lady Felica, Marabel, Matilda, Melody, Nobless, Sunita, Van Gogh
Red Bag = JAUHOISET PERUNAT
The literal translation is “floury potatoes”. They are high in starch, have a powdery texture, and tend to lose their shape when cooked.
They are suitable for baked potatoes and mashed potatoes, but not for stewed dishes where you want to keep the shape of the potato. It can be used to make potage. This variety is similar to Danshaku potato in Japan.
Afra, Blue Congo, Challenger, Lady Alicia, Lady Britta, Lady Claire, Lady Puikula, Lady Rosetta, Pito, Puikula, Rosamunda, Van Gogh
Not Perfectly Classified
There are also five different classifications of potatoes in Finland, including the three just mentioned and the one in between. For example, Columba, the fourth largest potato crop, is classified as JAUHOISET KIINTEÄMALTOISET PERUNAT, which is between KINTEÄMALTOISET PERUNAT and YLEISPERUNAT. Many other varieties were also classified across the two types because they combine both characteristics.
Identifying Potato Types from Varieties
There is a lot of information on the Internet. In order to get accurate information, I compiled the following information from the websites of companies that sell seed potatoes.
|Afra||●||No.5 cropped area|
|Annabelle||●||No.3 cropped area|
|Bellarosa||●||red skin, yellow inside|
|Blue Congo||●||purple skin, purple inside|
|Colomba||●||●||No.4 cropped area作|
|Gala||●||No.6 cropped area|
|Lady Rosetta||●||red skin, yellow inside|
|Marabel||●||●||No.8 cropped area|
|Melody||●||●||No.1 cropped area|
|Mozart||●||red skin, yellow inside|
|Nicola||●||No.10 cropped area|
|Nobless||●||No.7 cropped area|
|Rosamunda||●||red skin, yellow inside|
|Siikli||●||sky blue bag|
|Solist||●||No.2 cropped area|
|Timo(Hankkijan Timo)||●||No.9 cropped area|