How to Use Potato in Finland

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I can say that Finland is a country of potatoes. When you go to the supermarket, you’ll find all kinds of potatoes on sale. From bagged potatoes to those sold by weight, there are so many choices when it comes to potatoes.
In this page, I summarized the characteristics of the main types found in supermarkets. At the end of the page, you will also find a table of varieties and types.

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How to Choose Potatoes in Finland

There are three main types of potatoes in Finland. Most bagged potatoes are sold in red, yellow or green bags. These colors are associated with each type.

On each bag, there may be a picture of what kind of dish it is suitable for. In this page, I would like to go into more detail about the characteristics of each type of potatoes, the dishes they are suitable for, and the varieties.

Green Bag = KIINTEÄMALTOISET PERUNAT

The literal translation is “firm potatoes”. It is characterized by its low starch content, which allows it to keep its shape even after long cooking. There are quite a few varieties, and the top three cropped areas are these KINTEÄMALTOISET PERUNAT.
It is suitable for LAATIKKO, a familiar Finnish dish. Also, cut into cubes, boiled and added to salads, and other dishes where the shape of the potato is retained. It is probably the closest variety to the Japanese May Queen potato.

Annabelle, Belana, Bernina, Bintje, Carrera, Colomba, Fambo, Lady Felica, Marabel, Matilda, Melody, Mozart, Musica, Nicola, Rikea, Siikli, Solist, Timo (Hankkijan Timo), Velox, Venla

Yellow Bag = YLEISPERUNAT

The literal translation is “universal potatoes”. The amount of starch is about halfway between the red and green bags. It is a potato that does not fall apart when boiled and can be used in a variety of dishes.
I think the yellow bag is the one you see most often in supermarkets. We buy these YLEISPERUNAT in bags and keep them in the fridge. It is very useful because it makes any dish taste good.

Bellarosa, Challenger, Colomba, Fambo, Fontane, Gala, Idole, Lady Amarilla, Lady Anna, Lady Felica, Marabel, Matilda, Melody, Nobless, Sunita, Van Gogh

Red Bag = JAUHOISET PERUNAT

The literal translation is “floury potatoes”. They are high in starch, have a powdery texture, and tend to lose their shape when cooked.
They are suitable for baked potatoes and mashed potatoes, but not for stewed dishes where you want to keep the shape of the potato. It can be used to make potage. This variety is similar to Danshaku potato in Japan.

Afra, Blue Congo, Challenger, Lady Alicia, Lady Britta, Lady Claire, Lady Puikula, Lady Rosetta, Pito, Puikula, Rosamunda, Van Gogh

Not Perfectly Classified

There are also five different classifications of potatoes in Finland, including the three just mentioned and the one in between. For example, Columba, the fourth largest potato crop, is classified as JAUHOISET KIINTEÄMALTOISET PERUNAT, which is between KINTEÄMALTOISET PERUNAT and YLEISPERUNAT. Many other varieties were also classified across the two types because they combine both characteristics.

Identifying Potato Types from Varieties

  
NAME KIINTEÄ YLEIS JAUHOISETCOMMENT
Afra No.5 cropped area
Annabelle No.3 cropped area
Belana
Bellarosa red skin, yellow inside
Bernina
Bintje
Blue Congo purple skin, purple inside
Carrera
Challenger
Colomba No.4 cropped area作
Fambo
Fontane
Gala No.6 cropped area
Idole
Lady Alicia
Lady Amarilla
Lady Anna
Lady Britta
Lady Claire
Lady Felica
Lady Puikula
Lady Rosetta red skin, yellow inside
Marabel No.8 cropped area
Matilda
Melody No.1 cropped area
Mozart red skin, yellow inside
Musica
Nicola No.10 cropped area
Nobless No.7 cropped area
Pito
Puikula
Rikea
Rosamunda red skin, yellow inside
Siikli sky blue bag
Solist No.2 cropped area
Sunita
Timo(Hankkijan Timo) No.9 cropped area
Van Gogh
Velox
Venla

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